Case Description

The three Portuguese municipalities are geographically located in the country's North region and, although very distinctive, maintain strong intra-municipal collaborative relationships. Porto is largely Associated with document Ref. Ares(2023)3469259 - 17/05/2023 Proposal n°101112705 CLIMATEFIT – Part B Page 17 marked by tourism with an increasingly elderly and socially vulnerable population. Matosinhos also presents a high share of vulnerable people and an economy strongly connected to the sea. Maia is an industrial and technological municipality with a younger and less vulnerable population. These municipalities represent different levels of technical capacity and ability to implement solutions, with larger municipalities being more prepared. Adaptation planning for each of these municipalities is developed around a customized local strategic vision, with a strong focus on increasing adaptive capacity, integration in territorial management instruments and mobilizing the different actors. Both national and regional governments are increasingly prioritizing the climate topic. For example, Porto was selected as one of the 100 EU Cities Mission. However, there is still a lower relevance of adaptation versus mitigation in the political discourse. This question, in conjunction with difficulty articulating all the stakeholders involved, lack of internally qualified human resources and generalized lack of knowledge of alternative funding and business models for adaptation, are the main barriers already identified. Until now, adaptation actions have been financed mainly by structural and research funding from European sources and national and local budgets. Other financing entities that could be explored in these contexts include banks and private stakeholders such as foundations and companies.

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